When considering the term art, most people will probably first and foremost think about images; visual spaces generating meaning, emotions, and knowledge without words. But for centuries different types of text have been mingling more or less with the image dominated mediums; and this goes way further back than one would immediately think.
Very early examples can be seen in Medieval and Renaissance Art, where several painters implemented text as to further communicate messages within the holy scenes of the paintings. Depictions of long, scribbled scrolls, carefully written inscriptions and even sentences flowing freely through the air, almost like a predecessor of the speech bubble, were amongst the many ways of blending words into the images. (See image fig. 1: Fra Angelico, The Cortona Altarpiece, the Annunciation, c. 1432-1434, detail )