Roughly, you can talk about two different types of art training, two kinds of key activities which supplement each other to professionalize an artist today.
One of these two types of art training is based on experiential learning, where tools & techniques are the order of the day. The art students travels through classes and workshops to acquire technical know-how of tradition and not-so-traditional ways in which artists have been working. This is where you will be taught to paint, where you will understand the basics of sculpture and learn about the proportions and poetry of the human body in unlimited intents to depict it.
A holistic art training will not end at this point though. Because, once you can draw something or master a specific technique, what are you going to do with that knowledge?